Flora Himalaya Database
From FLORHIMAL to Flora Himalaya
is a database concerning the flora of the Himalayas. It was first
started in the 70s with the higher plants of Nepal and then extended
in the 80s to the whole chain, from Eastern Afghanistan to Northern
Myanmar, covering 2 000 000 km2. Untill the year 2000, it was
only locally accessible at the Université de Grenoble (France).
Since 2002, it is online on the Web site of the Laboratoire d'Ecologie
Alpine (former Laboratoire Dynamique des Ecosystèmes d'Altitude)
of the Université de Savoie (France) as Flora
The database contents
the names of more than 12 500 flowering plants from the Himalayas
(species, subspecies, variety) with data on :
Theses data are now illustrated with dynamic
maps and graphics generated for each species with SVG
Sources of data
The data regarding distribution
and origin were compiled according to the extensive field collections
made by many botanists since the early 19th century which are
housed in the main herbariums of the world, mainly the Natural
History Museum of London, the Royal Botanic Gardens of Kew
(UK), the Tokyo
University Museum (Japan), the Herbarium of the
Department of Plant Resources of Kathmandu
(Nepal) and according to the main Floras and books listed below.
In addition, 40 years of Pr Dobremez's field work in the Himalayas
have provided many data concerning the habitats and the distribution.
The accepted taxonomy is the one published in the most recent
A., 1982 and cont. Flora xichangica.
Science Press, Beijing, 6 vol. (in chinese).
A., 1970 and cont. Flora of Pakistan. Missouri
Botanical Garden and University of Karachi, 203 vol.
Dobremez J.F., 1976. Le Népal, écologie
et biogéographie. CNRS Ed., Paris, 363 p.
Grierson A.J.C. & Long D.G., 1983 and cont. Flora
of Bhutan. Roy. Bot. Garden Edinburgh, 6 vol.
Hara H., Stearn W.T., Williams L.H.J. & Chater A.O.,
1978-1979-1982. Enumeration of flowering plants of Nepal.
Trustees of British Museum (Nat. Hist.), London, 3 vol.
Hooker J.D., 1872 and cont. Flora of India. Reprinted
in 1973 by B. S. M. P. Singh in Dehra Dun, 7 vol.
Rechinger K.H., 1973 and cont. Flora Iranica.
Naturhist. Museum, Graz, 162 vol.
Takhtajan A., 1978. Floristic regions of the world.
Soviet sciences Press, Moscow, 522 p. (in russian).
Hara H. & Hohashi H., 1966, 1971, 1974. The Flora
of Eastern Himalaya. The University of Tokyo Press, 3 vol.
This work was initiated in
the late 60s by Pr Jean-François Dobremez.
In the early 70s, Dr Puspa Ratna Shakya worked out the
flora of Eastern Nepal. Afterwards, Pr JF. Dobremez extended
the work to the whole Himalayas as the results of extensive botanical
expeditions were published in Europe and Asia. In the middle 90s,
Dr P.R. Shakya worked out the habitats of nepalese flora.
From the beginning, Françoise Vigny was in charge
to keyboard the data under TEXTO software at the Université
Joseph Fourier (Grenoble I). In 2001, at the Université
de Savoie and on Pr JF. Dobremez initiative,
Dr Sylvaine Camaret
transformed the existing database in an online one and built the
Web site in partnership with Richard
The use of the Flora Himalaya Database is free for academic research
and studies but mention the orignal source as indicated below.
Mention as bibliographic reference and/or citation
as : Dobremez JF., Shakya PR., Camaret S., Vigny F. and Eynard-Machet
R., 1967-2009 - Flora Himalaya Database, Laboratoire d'Ecologie
Tribute to Pr Jean-François Dobremez
Pr JF. Dobremez left us suddenly in March, 2009,
with numerous projects underway concerning the Himalaya and other
mountain ranges in which he so deeply loved to spend time. He
vastly expanded our knowledge of our planet's rich and varied
mountain environments, contributing to their conservation as well
as focussing on the necessity to harmoniously reconcile the interests
of nature and of mankind. In addition to his contributions to
science, we will especially remember this great defender of ecology
for his penetrating regard, his ability to listen attentively,
his deeply human qualities and, of course - he would not have
wanted us to forget, his magnificent mustache. We feel privileged
to have known him and to have worked with him.
The maps and graphics are
generated using SVG
(Scalable Vector Graphics), an exciting XML graphics for Web standard
developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).
Currently, the display of SVG contents depends to your Web browser
- MS Internet Explorer 5.x or higher : you need to install
full release version of the Adobe SVG Viewer only
if Adobe Acrobat Reader 5.x or higher is not
already installed because the plugin is included
in this last, ensuring so that every computer with Adobe Acrobat
Reader will be able to view SVG contents.
NB : as the Adobe SVG Viewer Pre-Release
uses for Mozilla Firefox browser is a "forever beta
version" (its development was unfortunately stopped
when Adobe bought Macromedia) and all functionalities (especially
layers ones) of Flora Himalaya Database SVG graphics (and
the ones of others SVG Web site) may not be available with
the Mozilla Firefox plugin compared with the MS Internet
Functions of the SVG Viewer
To get a context menu : use the right bouton
of the mouse
To zoom : use the CTRL-Key and click
To zoom in a rectangle : use the CTRL-Key
and drag a rectangle
To zoom out : use the CTRL-Key and Shift-Key
To move the map : use the ALT-Key
Flora Himalaya data
- CAS : Centrasiatic
- EHI : Himalayan endemic
- HOL : Holarctic kingdom
- IND : Indian
- MAL : South east asiatic malaysian
- SIJ : Sino-japanese or eastern asiatic
- TRO : Tropical kingdom
- TUR : Irano-turanian or west mediterranean
- YUN : South east chinese
- AFG : North-Eastern Afghanistan
- ASS : North-Eastern India
- BUR : Northern Union of Myanmar
- BUT : Bhutan
- CHA : High tibetan plateau or Chantang
- KAS : Kashmir
- KUM : North-Western India
- NEC : Central Nepal
- NEE : Eastern Nepal
- NEW : Western Nepal
- PAK : Northern Pakistan
- SIK : Sikkim
- TIB : Southern Tibet
- TIE : Eastern Tibet
- YAR : Yarlung Tsangpo valley
Only for Nepal, 50 habitats have been distinguished
: go here for detailed
Links on regional flora